Peppered Catfish (Corydoras Plateaus)
Native Location: South America
Size: 5.9cm (2.3 inches)
Temperature Range: 22 – 26℃ (72 – 78℉)
Preferred pH Range: 6.0 – 7.0
Minimum Aquarium Size: 58L (15 gallons)
Potential Tankmates: Killifish, Dwarf Cichlids, Neon Tetras
Care Level: Intermediate
Peppered Catfish is the most commonly kept of all Corydoras. And make a great addition to cooler freshwater aquariums. They have an intriguing ability to produce sound by abduction (movement away from the middle of the body) of its pectoral fins and it is used during courtship or in juveniles when experiencing social distress.
They are primarily bottom feeders, who on occasion, will travel upwards for food. You will still need to ensure they are getting their fair share of food in the tank. They will often feast at night and love live bloodworms, brine shrimp and white worms. But, will accept frozen foods, flakes and granules. Keep Peppered Catfish in a group of at least three and with other peaceful, small species. Look into the likes of Killifish, Neon Tetras or dwarf Cichlids. Keep away from larger or aggressive fish.
This species prefers tepid waters. Avoid putting them with fish which need higher tropical temperatures. As bottom-dwellers, they spend their time digging through the substrate. They will need sand or smooth-edged gravel to avoid injuries. Live vegetation will provide plenty of shade. Decorations will also double as hiding spots so they can feel comfortable. If they need even more subdued lighting, try floating plants.
Peppered Corys can be found in a variety of colours and patterns but are mainly seen with bronze colouring with grey specks. Females will be plumper and rounder in the belly. This difference is most noticeable from above. For Peppered Cory males, their dorsal fins are bigger and, their anal fin is more pointed. In a big enough school, they will likely need no help from you to spawn. But do try to keep a ratio of at least three males to every female. There are better success rates when bred in a breeding tank. Females will become plump with eggs during this time. Find eggs deposited on plants, the glass and even a heater. Adult Corys will eat both the eggs and fry so remove them from the tank after spawning.